Hip Dislocation: Causes and Treatment

One of the issues that hip surgery is used to correct is a hip dislocation. This situation occurs when the ball of your thigh bone comes out of the socket formed by your pelvic bone, which is a very painful condition and can cause permanent problems. What causes a hip dislocation and how is it treated?

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Common Causes

The most common cause of a dislocated hip is a motor vehicle accident. As you might imagine, it takes a lot of force to dislodge the femur from its socket, and a vehicle accident is the perfect scenario for that type of force to be generated. While most fender-benders won’t cause this injury, a more dramatic collision can, especially if you aren’t wearing a seat belt. 

Another incident commonly related to hip dislocations is a fall from a substantial height like a ladder or roof. Here again the force of the fall is enough to pop the femur out of place. Occupations like industrial workers and roofers are examples of people at high risk for hip dislocation if an accident occurs.

You might think that sporting activities can lead to hip dislocation, and this is also true in sports where intense collisions and hits occur, such as football. 

Treatment

The method of treatment for a hip dislocation depends on the injury’s severity. Serious cases are most likely going to need hip surgery. For minor incidents when the thigh bone has popped back into place on its own, or an orthopedic specialist has manually manipulated the joint back together, you may need time for the tendons and ligaments to heal. Whether or not hip surgery is required, after a recovery period you’ll need to go through some rehabilitation to rebuild the strength in the hip joint. This process may take a few months. 

Hip dislocation is a serious condition that should be treated as an emergency. Nerve damage and permanent bone injury may occur if a dislocation isn’t handled properly, so it’s important to act quickly if you ever experience or witness a dislocation. 

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